As of late, adventure is on everyone’s minds. Affordable Global travel has made travel more affordable and easier. The government is also keen to increase tourism.
Every adventure activity, whether it’s Para Gliding, Mountain Biking or Scuba Diving is overseen by an experienced team. SoPs are also followed. Most companies also ensure that participants are safe and eco-conscious about the environment. It is important to be sensitive to the culture and traditions of the area where the adventure activity takes place.
Quasi-regulatory organizations like the Indian Association of Professional Rafting Outfitters and Adventure Tour Operators Association of India play an important role in framing different prime SoPs. These organizations also hold seminars & training workshops & orientation camps on CPR, first aid, mountain rescue, survival techniques, etc.
Let’s find out why. What type of first aid training is necessary for adventurers?
1 Preliminary Research-Half Knowledge can be dangerous!
Anyone who is interested in adventure activities should be aware of all possible risks and pains that could be involved. This will give you a clear understanding of what you are getting into.
2 Prior knowledge-Be more informed
Sometimes, Pre-Trip orientation courses are offered. These include rehearsals or close-simulations of the actual activity. This allows one to prepare for adventure activities such as trekking, skiing, or rappling. If you live in places with extreme climate conditions, then the orientation course will be very useful. Although the training does not include written exams, it includes basic survival skills such as how to deal with extreme climatic conditions, especially in the wild, and how to treat injuries and wounds.
3 – First Aid – The initial line of defense
An Adventure trip requires a first aid kit. It is also important to be familiar with the use parameters and the best ways to manage a medical emergency.
CPR is a vital skill for anyone who embarks on an expedition or takes up adventure activities. Many para-medical agencies and other agencies offer courses in basic and life-saving First Aid. It teaches you how to perform CPR, which can save your life or stop severe bleeding.
4) Hypothermia- Nature’s early warning system
Hypothermia does not mean feeling cold. It is a condition in which the body experiences a drop in temperature below 37 degrees. This is the normal body temperature of 35.5 degrees. Although hypothermia may not be as severe as a serious medical emergency, it is still 2 degrees below normal body temperature. The symptoms can include mild shivering, exhaustion and rapid breathing.
The first-aid workshop teaches that hypothermia can be treated by making sure the patient feels warm. This is done by covering their body with warm clothing to create warmth. Warm liquids are acceptable if the patient is able to swallow it. However, force feeding the patient may cause vomiting or choking.
5) Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) – Time to Lose altitude
Acute mountain sickness is caused by low air pressure and low oxygen levels at high altitudes. Different people are affected by AMS in different ways. The First-aid training will help you understand the symptoms. They can range from fatigue to severe conditions like breathlessness.
The best way to treat AMS is slowing down. However, if you are unable to reach lower altitude immediately, a Portable Altitude Chamber is a good option. It will increase the pressure and create conditions that favor lower altitudes. You should also climb or travel in small, manageable chunks with breaks. If necessary, the whole trip can be spread over several days or weeks.
Some symptoms are manageable, such as difficulty sleeping, nausea, vomiting, headaches, rapid heart rate, and confusion. Other symptoms include chest palpitations and cough, confusion, and losing balance when walking or standing.